Smoke alarms are required as follows:
- – One smoke alarm on every habitable level of the residence.
- – One smoke alarm at the base of each stairway.
- – One smoke alarm outside of each separate sleeping area.
- – One smoke alarm inside every bedroom.
- – A minimum of one smoke alarm must be installed for every 1,200 square feet of living space per level.
- – Must be hardwired and interconnected smoke alarms with battery backup.
- – If the smoke alarm is within 20 feet of a kitchen or bathroom (containing a bathtub or shower), the smoke alarm is required to be a photoelectric alarm.
Carbon monoxide alarms are required as follows:
- – On every level of the residence, including habitable portions of basements and attics and must be located within 10 feet of each bedroom door.
- – Combination alarms (photoelectric smoke and carbon monoxide alarm) may be used anywhere.
- – Combination alarms (ionization smoke and carbon monoxide alarm) may be used if the alarm is more than 20 feet from a kitchen or bathroom (containing a bathtub or shower).
- – Combination alarms must have both a tone and simulated voice alarm to distinguish the type of emergency.
- – May be either: battery powered, plug-in with battery backup, hardwired with battery backup, or system type.
- – Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for placement.
Carbon Monoxide Requirement
Since March 31, 2006, carbon monoxide alarms have been required in all residences that have either: fossil fuel burning equipment or an attached enclosed garage. This law applied to all such residences whether or not the residence is being sold or transferred.